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Identifying and Repairing Types of Pavement Damage

The words "How Technology Has Changed How We Pave: A Journey of Innovation" overlaid on a black asphalt background.

Pavement, much like everything else, isn't immune to the test of time. The constant brunt of traffic loads, unforgiving weather conditions, and the inevitable process of aging can all contribute to its wear and tear. Recognizing the signs of damage and acting swiftly can make the difference between a simple repair and a complete overhaul. Dive into this guide to explore the various types of pavement damage and their respective remedies.

Different Types of Damage

From the seemingly harmless tiny cracks to the more evident potholes, every damage tells a story of the pavement's health. Let's break down the most common ones:


These are depressions or holes in the surface of the asphalt. Often caused by the expansion and contraction of water after it has entered into the ground under the pavement, potholes can grow over time if not addressed.


Alligator Cracks: Resembling the scales on an alligator's back, these cracks are often a result of a failing sub-base and repeated traffic loads.

Edge Cracks: Found on the edges of the pavement, these are typically caused by poor drainage or underlying material issues.

Rutting: These are depressions or grooves worn into the asphalt, usually caused by the consistent passage of vehicles. If left untreated, rutting can lead to more severe structural failures.


This refers to the disintegration of the top layer of asphalt, leading to the aggregate separating from the binder and the surface getting rough. It's often a result of either an inadequate asphalt mix or the pavement aging.

How to Repair Pavement Damages

Repairing pavement is a lot like treating a patient. The remedy depends on the diagnosis. Here's how Central Coast Paving can address each type of damage:

For Potholes

Patching: This is the most common method where a fresh batch of asphalt is used to fill and seal the pothole.

For Cracks

Crack Filling: This involves pouring a hot asphalt mix into cracks to prevent water infiltration.

Crack Sealing: A more flexible material is used to seal the crack, accommodating any movement of the pavement.

For Rutting

Overlaying: If the rutting is surface-level, overlaying the area with a new layer of asphalt can resolve the issue.

Pavement Reconstruction: For deep rutting that affects the structural integrity, a complete reconstruction might be necessary.

For Raveling

Overlaying: Applying a new layer of asphalt can address surface-level raveling.

Rejuvenators: These can be applied to bind the aggregates back together.


The key to maintaining a functional and durable pavement is vigilance. By regularly inspecting the pavement and promptly addressing any signs of damage, you can enhance its lifespan and prevent costly overhauls. Remember, calling the experts at Central Coast Paving when pavement damage arrives will save you time, money and hassle knowing we can fix any damage that comes your way. Contact us at (805) 665-3292 to get started.

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